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Content Application Developer Manual / Version 2310

Table Of Contents View Lookup

Looking up a view for a given bean is performed by a service called ViewDispatcher. It computes the bean's type hierarchy by taking its super types, interfaces, and even HasCustomType implementations into account. Then it asks the underlying view repositories to provide a template (or view, respectively) by passing the bean's type. If a view repository cannot provide such a view, then it will be asked iteratively for the bean's super type until a matching view can be provided.


Assume a class that is extended by If during a view lookup for a bean of type there is no template available, but a template can be found, then the latter template is used.

The view dispatcher is invoked whenever a bean is rendered. This happens at least once per request. When a controller has returned with a ModelAndView instance, then the bean self is extracted and used to find the root view for the request. While executing a template, it might happen that a child bean is rendered by another template. When passing this bean to <cm:include> another view lookup and rendering is triggered.

View lookup sequence

Figure 4.7. View lookup sequence



Although it is possible for the CAE to look up all types, it is encouraged to write templates for interfaces only. While View lookups are cached, it may not always be desirable to cache lookups indefinitely, also caches are not filled every time a CAE is started. Going through the hierarchy of all types for every view lookup can be very costly, and a production CAE easily reaches a 6-digit number of View lookups (100.000+) until all views are cached.

To limit CAE lookups to certain types, set the Spring property cae.view.filter-lookup-by-predicate to true. Types ending on "Impl", "Base" and a few technical types will be removed from the type hierarchy before doing the View lookup. This reduces the number of lookups dramatically (up to 80%).

If you cannot adhere to the CoreMedia naming conventions and need a view lookup, for example for a class that ends on "Impl", you can add exceptions to this rule to the viewlookupPredicate property includes.

This is an example on how to add class names that should be included in the View lookup in addition to all interfaces.

<customize:append id="addMyViewlookupIncludes" bean="viewlookupPredicate" property="includes"
    Overrule the predicate's exclusion patterns for these classes.

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