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Blueprint Developer Manual / Version 2310

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5.4.7 View Types


A common pattern for CoreMedia projects is to reuse content and display the same content item on various pages in different layouts and view variants. A content list, for example, could be rendered as simple bulletin list or as a list of teasers with thumbnails. Similarly, an article can be displayed in a default ("full") view or as a teaser.

Usually the rendering layer decides what view should be applied to a content item in different use cases. For example, the view rendering results of a search on the website could use the asListItem view to render the found items.

Editors still need a varying degree of control to influence the visual appearance of content in specific cases. They might want to decide whether a list of content items should be displayed as a teaser list or a collapsible accordion on a page, for example.


A dedicated content type called CMViewtype is available that can be associated with all CMLinkable content types.

During view lookup a special com.coremedia.objectserver.view.RenderNodeDecorator, the ViewTypeRenderNodeDecorator, augments the view name by the layout property of the view type referenced by the content item.

The BlueprintViewLookupTraversal then evaluates this special view name and falls back to the default view name without the view type if the view could not be resolved.

In the example above the template responsible for rendering search results would include all found content with the asListItem view. If the content is of type CMArticle there would be a lookup for a CMArticle.asListItem.ftl (among others in the content object's type hierarchy, see Section 4.3.3, “Views” in Content Application Developer Manual for more CoreMedia's object-oriented view dispatching). If the article has a view type assigned (such as breakingnews) there would be a lookup for CMArticle.asListItem[breakingnews].ftl before falling back to CMArticle.asListItem.ftl. This allows for very fine-grained editorially driven layout selection for any created content.

Selecting a view type in CoreMedia Studio

You can use the view type selector which is associated with the view type property to select a specific view type for a content item, a collection for instance. The view type selector is implemented as a combo box providing an icon preview and a description text about the view type. View types can be defined globally or site specific. If the view type item is configured for a site, the name of the site is also displayed in the combo box item.

Layout Variant selector

Figure 5.14. Layout Variant selector

How to configure a view type selector

There are several content forms that include the view type selector form. The ViewTypeSelectorForm bundles the view type selector combo box and its configuration parameters. The parameter paths defines which items are shown in the combo box. The combo box assumes that each of the items (CMViewtype here) has a property icon that contains the thumbnail view of the view type.

If no paths are defined (default), folders based on the content type and hierarchy are used for lookup.

<bpforms:ViewTypeSelectorForm propertyName="viewtype"

In this example all CMViewtype content items of the folders /Settings/Options/Viewtypes/CMTeasable and Options/Viewtypes/CMTeasable (depending on site) are shown in the view type selector combo (without content type hierarchy lookup).

An additional view type selector form is the class ContainerViewTypeSelectorForm. It inherits from ViewTypeSelectorForm and sets the paths parameter to ['/Settings/Options/Viewtypes/Container/', 'Options/Viewtypes/Container/']. The same folders are used for the PageGrid placement view type selector.

The following content types extend ContainerViewTypeSelectorForm with a lookup for paths based on the content type name:

  • CMALXEventList
  • CMALXPageList
  • CMCollection
  • CMP13NSearch
  • CMProductList
  • CMQueryList
  • CMSelectionRules
  • ESDynamicList
How to localize view types for the view type selector

The view type selector displays two fields of a view type: The name (which is the name of the content item in the repository) and the description property. These string can be localized as described earlier in Section “How to localize page grid objects”.

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