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Blueprint Developer Manual / Version 2310

Table Of Contents Taxonomy Assignment

To enable tagging of content two properties are available the CMLinkable content type.

Type Link list
Description Subject(s) / topic(s) of that content item
Type Link list
Description Geographic location(s) of that content item

Table 5.8. CMLinkable Properties for Tagging

Editors can assign taxonomies to content items using CoreMedia Studio and the Blueprint taxonomy property editor. It allows for the following:

  • adding/removing references to taxonomy

  • autocompletion

  • suggestions

Taxonomy Property Editor

Figure 5.6. Taxonomy Property Editor

The user can add taxonomy keywords to the corresponding property link list using the taxonomy property editor. The editor also provides suggestions that are provided by the OpenCalais integration or a simple name matching algorithm. The strategy type can be configured in the preferences dialog of CoreMedia Studio.

Taxonomy Studio Settings

Figure 5.7. Taxonomy Studio Settings

How taxonomies are loaded

A Blueprint taxonomy tree is built through content items located in a specific folder of the content repository. The default taxonomy resolver will then look for a "_root" settings content item inside these folders and uses the taxonomy content items linked inside the LinkListProperty "roots" as top level nodes. If the "_root" content item is not found, the taxonomy resolver checks for empty referrers of all taxonomy content items inside a taxonomy folder, to determine which node is a top level node of the given taxonomy tree. In that case, top level node content items must be placed directly within the root folder. Taxonomies of subsequent levels can also be placed in subfolders. The name of the folder in which the taxonomy tree is placed defines the name of the taxonomy tree and is visible as a root node in the taxonomy administration UI.

The lookup folders for taxonomies and the strategy used to build the tree are configured in the Spring configuration class TaxonomyConfiguration of the shared/taxonomies module. The bean properties




of the strategyResolver bean configure the folders that are used to find taxonomies. TaxonomyResolverImpl implements the TaxonomyResolver interface so that it is possible to implement other taxonomy detection strategies.



The default taxonomy implementation ( checks the taxonomy folder for write permissions. If these permissions are not granted, the taxonomy won't appear in Studio. Therefore, ensure that taxonomy administrators have Folder rights for taxonomy folders.

How to implement a new taxonomy resolver strategy

The TaxonomyResolverImpl implements the interface TaxonomyResolver and is injected to the TaxonomyResource in the component-taxonomies.xml. For every taxonomy request, the TaxonomyResource instance looks up the corresponding Taxonomy object using the resolver instance. To change the resolver strategy, inject another instance of TaxonomyResolver to the TaxonomyResource.

How to configure the content properties used for semantic strategies

The content properties that are used for a semantic evaluation are configured in the method SemanticTaxonomyConfiguration#semanticDocumentProperties of the shared/taxonomies module. The Spring configuration declares the abstract class AbstractSemanticService that new semantic service can extend from. The default properties used for a semantic suggestion search are:

  • title

  • teaserTitle

  • detailText

  • teaserText

How to implement a new suggestion/semantic strategy

To add a new semantic strategy to Studio, it is necessary to implement the corresponding strategy for it and add it to CoreMedia Studio.

A new semantic strategy can easily be created by implementing the interface SemanticStrategy. The result of a strategy is a Suggestions instance with several Suggestion instances in it. Each Suggestion instance must have a corresponding content instance in the repository whose content type matches that one used for the taxonomy. Blueprint uses CMTaxonomy content items for keywords of a taxonomy, so suggestions must be fed with these content items. Additionally, a float value weight can be set for each suggestion, describing how exactly the keyword matches from 0 to 1. After implementing the semantic strategy, the implementing class must be added to the Spring configuration, for example:

<customize:append id="semanticStrategyExamplesCustomizer" bean="semanticServiceStrategies" order="1000">
      <ref bean="myMatching"/>

Next the new suggestion strategy has to be added to Studio, so that is selectable in CoreMedia Studio.

  1. Open the file TaxonomyStudioPlugin.ts

  2. Add an entry to the configuration section that configures the AddTaggingStrategyPlugin:

    <taxonomy:AddTaggingStrategyPlugin serviceId="{TAXONOMY_NAME_MATCHING_KEY}" label="{resourceManager.getString('', 'TaxonomyPreferences_value_nameMatching_text')}" />

    Make sure that the serviceId matches the one you configured for the implementation of the SemanticStrategy.

How to remove the OpenCalais suggestion strategy

If you want to disable the OpenCalais integration, simple remove the corresponding AddTaggingStrategyPlugin entry from the TaxonomyStudioPlugin.ts configuration section.

How to add a site specific taxonomy

The logic how a site depending taxonomy tree is resolved is implemented in the TaxonomyResolver#getTaxonomy(String siteId, String taxonomyId) method.

To create a new site depending taxonomy proceed as follows:

  1. Open Studio, create and select the site specific folder Options/Taxonomies/ from the library.

  2. Create a new sub folder with the name of the new taxonomy.

    The location for the new taxonomy has been created now.

  3. To identify the type of taxonomy (such as CMTaxonomy or CMLocTaxonomy) you have to create at least one taxonomy content item in the new folder. Alternatively, create a _root settings content item and link a newly created CMTaxonomy content item to the StructList roots to it.

Once the taxonomy has been set up, additional nodes can be created using the taxonomy manager. If the new taxonomy does not appear as new element in the column on the left, press the reload button. It ensures that the TaxonomyResolver rebuilds the list of available taxonomy trees. The new taxonomy is shown in the root column afterwards, include the site name it is created in.

Creating site specific taxonomies allows you to overwrite existing ones. For example you create a new taxonomy tree called Subject for site X and open an article that is located in a sub folder of site X, the regular Subject taxonomy property editor on the Taxonomies tab in CoreMedia Studio will access the Subject taxonomy of your new site, not the one that is located in the global Settings folders. The suggestions and the chooser dialog will also work in the new taxonomy tree.

How to configure the taxonomy property editor for a taxonomy

CoreMedia Blueprint comes with two types of taxonomies: Subject and Location. The name of the taxonomy matches the folder name they are located in, which is /Settings/Taxonomies. When the taxonomy property editor for a Studio form is configured, these IDs are passed to the property editor, for example

<taxonomy:taxonomyPropertyField propertyName="subjectTaxonomy"
      <taxonomy:taxonomyPropertyField itemId="locTaxonomyItemId"

As mentioned in the previous section, it is possible to overwrite the existing location or subject taxonomy with a site depending variant. In this case, it is not necessary to change the configuration for the property field. The taxonomy property editor will always try to identify the site depending taxonomy with the same name first. If this one is not found, the global taxonomy with the given id will be looked up and used instead. For custom site-specific taxonomy trees, the attribute value taxonomyId must match the name of the newly created taxonomy folder.

How to configure access to the taxonomy content / taxonomy administration

You can configure the list of user groups that can access the taxonomy manager in the jangaroo.config.js file of the taxonomy extension. By default, the following groups are allowed to open the manager:

  • global-manager
  • taxonomy-manager
  • developer

This list can not be customized during runtime. To add or remove access for users, ensure that they are a member of the corresponding groups.

To ensure that the taxonomies are working properly, ensure that the user has the corresponding read and write rights to the settings and taxonomy folders. For taxonomy folders, ensure that also the Folder rights are set.

How to configure taxonomy localization

By default, the localization for taxonomies is enabled and only supports global taxonomy trees. The logic which language should be used when a tag is translated is implemented in the class TaxonomyLocalizationStrategyImpl which implements the interface TaxonomyLocalizationStrategy. The class is located in the content-services modules of the shared/middle workspace. Note that this class is responsible for the localization of taxonomies in all apps: Studio, Headless Server and CAE.

The TaxonomyLocalizationStrategy reads configuration values from global content item /Settings/Options/Settings/TaxonomySettings. The configuration TaxonomySettings contains the StringListProperty translations that contains the list of target locales. The additional defaultLanguage StringProperty defines the locale of the value property of taxonomy content items. This property contains the name of the tag. In a localized context, this name is used when the request language is not available.

<Struct xmlns="" xmlns:xlink="">
  <StringListProperty Name="translations">
  <StringProperty Name="defaultLocale">en<StringProperty>

If the localization shouldn't be used, the field defaultLanguage can be left empty. This will hide the list of localized input fields from the document form. Otherwise additional StringProperty input fields will be shown for every locale of the translations list. The values are stored in the localSettings of each taxonomy content item.

Taxonomy Localization Form

Figure 5.8. Taxonomy Localization Form

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